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Comprehensively deepening reform and opening up will inject strong impetus into Chinese-style modernization

时间:2024-05-16Source: Qiushi作者:Number of hits:

Comprehensively deepening reform and opening up will inject strong impetus into Chinese-style modernization

Xi Jinping

  The Third Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China was held in Beijing from November 9 to 12, 2013。The plenum was presided over by the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, delivered an important speech。 Photo by LAN Hongguang, Xinhua News Agency

  Reform and opening up is a key move that determines the destiny of contemporary China, and it is also a key move that determines the realization of the "two centenary goals" and the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation。The key move for us now is reform and opening up。There is no end to practical development, to emancipating the mind, to reform and opening up, and there is no way out of stagnation and backsliding。At present, there are many contradictions and difficulties in carrying out reform, but we cannot do without reform。We must have the courage to stick to the right direction of reform and opening up, dare to crack hard bones, dare to wade through dangerous shoals, and have the courage to break through ideological barriers and barriers solidified by interests, so that reform and opening up will not stop。

  (Speech during the inspection work in Guangdong, 7-11 December 2012)

  Reform and opening up is a profound revolution, which must be carried out in the right direction and along the right path。The direction determines the road, and the road determines the fate。The reason why our country reforming and opening up can achieve the huge success,The key is that we take the Party's basic line as the lifeline of the Party and the country,We have always adhered to the principle of integrating economic development as the central task with the Four Cardinal Principles and the two basic points of reform and opening up in the great practice of socialism with Chinese characteristics,We will not follow the old closed and rigid path,I will not take the evil path of changing the flag。Reform and opening up must have the courage to emancipate the mind, but to emancipate the mind is to have a direction, a position and a principle, so reform and opening up is also to have a direction, a position and a principle。Some people define reform and opening up as a change in the direction of Western "universal values" and Western political systems, or no reform and opening up。This is a distortion of our reform and opening up。It cannot be generalized to say that China's reform is lagging behind in some aspect。In some aspects and in a certain period, a little faster and a little slower may be true, but on the whole, there is no question of which aspects of China's reform have changed and which have not changed。The essence of the question is what should be changed and what should not be changed, and what cannot be changed will not be changed for too long。We can't follow each other。As the world is developing and society is making progress, failure to carry out reform and opening up will lead to a dead end, as will "reform and opening up" that negates the socialist direction。We must be very clear-headed on the question of direction。Our direction is to constantly promote the self-improvement and development of the socialist system, not to change the socialist system。We must adhere to the Four Basic Principles, which are the foundation of founding the country, ensure the right direction of reform and opening up with the four Basic Principles, and give them a new connotation of The Times through reform and opening up, remove all kinds of interference, and unswervingly follow the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics。

  (Speech at the Second Group Study Session of the Political Bureau of the 18th CPC Central Committee on December 31, 2012)

  On October 14, 2020, the 40th anniversary celebration of the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone was held in Shenzhen, Guangdong Province。Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, state President and Chairman of the Central Military Commission, delivered an important speech at the meeting。这是当天下午,Xi Jinping来到莲花山公园,向邓小平同志铜像敬献花篮。 Photo by Wang Ye, Xinhua News Agency

  Improving and developing the system of socialism with Chinese characteristics and modernizing China's system and capacity for governance are the overarching goals of comprehensively deepening reform。邓小平同志在1992年提出,再有30年的时间,我们才会在各方面形成一整套更加成熟更加定型的制度。这次全会在邓小平同志战略思想的基础上,提出要We will modernize the country's governance system and capacity。This is an inevitable requirement for improving and developing the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and an essential part of socialist modernization。The reason why we have decided to study comprehensively deepening reform at this Third Plenary session is not to advance reform in one area or in a few areas, but to advance reform in all areas, which is to consider the overall perspective of the national governance system and governance capacity。

  (Speech delivered at the Second Plenary Session of the Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee on November 12, 2013)

  The people are the creators of history and the source of our strength。The most fundamental reason why reform and opening up have won the heartfelt support and active participation of the broad masses of the people is that from the very beginning, we have deeply rooted the cause of reform and opening up among the people。The plenum decision summarized the valuable experience accumulated in reform and opening up, and one of the most important is that we must put people first, respect the principal position of the people, give full play to the initiative of the people, and closely rely on the people to promote reform。No reform can succeed without the support and participation of the people。No matter what difficulties and challenges we encounter, as long as we have the support and participation of the people, there will be no difficulties that cannot be overcome and no obstacles that cannot be overcome。We must implement the Party's mass line, be in tune with the people, share weal and woe with them, and work in solidarity with them。

  To advance any major reform, we must stand on the people's side to grasp and handle the major issues related to reform, and we must plan reform ideas and formulate reform measures in the interests of the people。Wang Fu of the Han Dynasty said: "The movement of the roc is not the light of a feather;The speed of a steed is not the strength of one foot。That is to say, the roc flies into the sky, not by the lightness of a feather;The steed does not run quickly on the strength of one foot。If China wants to fly high and run fast, it must rely on the strength of its 1.3 billion people。

  In the process of comprehensively deepening reform, when we encounter issues of complex and difficult to weigh interests, we must carefully consider what the actual situation of the people is like?What are the people expecting?How can the interests of the masses be protected?Whether the people are satisfied with our reform?To make reform decisions more scientific, it is very important to listen extensively to the opinions and suggestions of the people, promptly summarize the fresh experience created by the people, fully mobilize the enthusiasm, initiative, and creativity of the people in advancing reform, pool the wisdom and strength of the greatest number of people in reform, and work with the people to push reform forward。

  (Speech delivered at the Second Plenary Session of the Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee on November 12, 2013)

  To uphold and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics, we must constantly adjust the relations of production in response to the development of the productive forces and improve the superstructure in response to the development of the economic base。Over the past 35 years of reform and opening up, China has made major achievements in economic and social development. The fundamental reason is that we have stimulated the vitality of the development of the productive forces by constantly adjusting the relations of production, and met the requirements of the development of the economic base by constantly improving the superstructure。It is for this purpose that we are reforming the economic structure, the political, cultural, social, ecological and party building systems。

  We propose comprehensively deepening reform in order to adapt to the changes in the movement of basic contradictions in Chinese society and promote social development。The basic social contradictions are constantly developing, so the adjustment of production relations and the improvement of the superstructure need to be carried out accordingly。As I said, there is no end to practical development, no end to emancipating the mind, and no end to reform and opening up. Reform and opening up are only ongoing and never completed。This is the attitude of historical materialism。

  (Speech at the 11th Collective Study Session of the Political Bureau of the 18th CPC Central Committee on December 3, 2013)

  When we considered the agenda of this Third Plenum, we proposed to formulate a plan for comprehensively deepening reform, rather than focusing only on economic structural reform or economic and social structural reform。This is because to solve the major problems and problems we face, reform in a single area or at a single level will not be effective. We must strengthen top-level design and overall planning, and make various reforms more relevant, systematic, and coordinated。Only by solving the problem of unadaptability in the relations of production, and solving the problem of unadaptability in the superstructure, can the comprehensive effect be produced。

  At the same time, we have stressed the importance of focusing on economic development and giving play to the leading role of economic restructuring。That is to say, we must grasp the main aspects of China's basic social contradictions at the present stage, with the focus on development。Only by focusing on the top priority of development and deploying reform in all areas, and providing a strong impetus for reform through the release and development of social productive forces, can we better align production relations with productive forces and the superstructure with the economic base。The practice since China's reform and opening up has fully proved that the tightly liberation and development of the social productive forces can provide a powerful impetus for the reform of other aspects and influence the reform of other aspects to advance accordingly。

  (Speech at the 11th Collective Study Session of the Political Bureau of the 18th CPC Central Committee on December 3, 2013)

  Deepening reform in a country like China with a population of more than 1.3 billion is no easy task。After more than 30 years of reform, China has entered the deep water zone. It can be said that the easy and happy reform has been completed, and the delicious meat has been eaten, and the remaining hard bones are difficult to chew。This requires us to take bold and steady steps。We must be bold, even if the reform is difficult, we must move forward, dare to take on responsibilities, dare to chew hard bones, and dare to wade through dangerous waters。The pace must be steady, that is, the direction must be accurate, the driving must be stable, especially not to make subversive mistakes。

  (In an interview with Russian television on February 7, 2014)

  What direction should we go in modernizing our national governance system and capacity?This is a fundamental question that must be answered well。In considering this issue, we must fully understand and grasp the overall goal of comprehensively deepening reform, which is a whole composed of two sentences: improving and developing the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and modernizing the national governance system and governance capacity。There is a question of the relationship between the previous sentence and the latter sentence。Our direction is the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics, not some other path。That is to say, as I have often said, we must unswervingly follow the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and neither follow the old closed and rigid path, nor take the evil path of changing the flag and taking a different stance。The latter sentence provides a clear direction for improving and developing the socialist system with Chinese characteristics under the guidance of the fundamental direction。To say both sentences is to be complete。Only the second sentence, not the first sentence, is incomplete and incomplete。

  (On February 17, 2014, the main leading cadres at the provincial and ministerial levels studied and implemented
Speech at the Special Seminar on the Spirit of the Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee on Comprehensively Deepening Reform)

  All regions and departments should firmly establish an overall sense of responsibility,We will take reform as a major political responsibility,Strengthen our resolve and confidence in reform,We should be more conscious of our thoughts and actions in advancing reform,Be both a reform promoter and a reform doer,We will implement reform in a nailing spirit,Twist the key, precise force,Dare to crack hard bones,Stare and scratch. Scratch and scratch,Until you get results。

  (Speech at the 21st Meeting of the Central Leading Group for Comprehensively Deepening Reform on February 23, 2016)

  We will continue to deepen reform across the board。Only socialism can save China, only reform and opening up can develop China, develop socialism and develop Marxism。We must uphold and improve the system of socialism with Chinese characteristics,We will continue to modernize the country's governance system and capacity,We must get rid of all outdated ideas, systems and mechanisms,Break through the barriers of solidified interests,Absorb the beneficial achievements of human civilization,We will build a systematic, scientific, standardized and effective system,Give full play to the superiority of our socialist system。

  (Report delivered at the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China on October 18, 2017)

  On December 18, 2018, a conference to celebrate the 40th anniversary of reform and opening-up was held at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing。Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, state President and chairman of the Central Military Commission, delivered an important speech at the congress。This is Xi Jinping applauding to congratulate the recipients。 Photo by Xie Huanchi, Xinhua News Agency

十一

  The Chinese people have a great dream, and the Chinese nation is full of reform and openness。Thousands of years ago, the ancestors of the Chinese nation upheld the spirit of "although Zhou was an old state, he ordered the restoration of the new" and started the great practice of creating Chinese civilization。Since ancient times, there have been numerous movements for reform and transformation on the land of China, leaving behind such bold declarations as "if we do not rule the world together, the country will not follow the past.。Since ancient times, the Chinese nation has confidently and generously carried out exchanges and cultural exchanges with ethnic groups outside the region with the broad mind of "great harmony under the world" and "harmony among all nations". It has composed a long song of the vast silk road of thousands of miles of camel bells and waves, and created the atmosphere of the prosperous Tang Dynasty of Chang 'an。It is this spirit of change and openness that "the sky is moving vigorously, the gentleman is striving for self-improvement" and "the terrain is noble, the gentleman is carrying things with kindness" that has made the Chinese civilization the only splendid civilization in human history that has lasted for more than 5,000 years and has not been interrupted。From the perspective of thousands of years of history, reform and opening-up have generally been the historical norm in China。The Chinese nation continues to move forward into the future with reform and opening up, which has far-reaching historical origins and profound cultural roots。

  (Speech at the Conference celebrating the 40th Anniversary of Reform and opening up on December 18, 2018)

十二

  The Third Plenary Session of the 11th CPC Central Committee was epoch-making, ushering in a new historical period of reform, opening up and socialist modernization。The Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee was also epoch-making, opening up a new era of comprehensively deepening reform and promoting reform through overall system design, and opening up a new situation in China's reform and opening up。We have pressed ahead with unprecedented determination and strength in comprehensively deepening reform, overcome many hard bones, and navigated many rapids. Reform has been carried out in an all-round way, made breakthroughs in many areas, and carried out in depth. The main framework for reform in major areas has been basically established, and the development of various undertakings has been vigorously promoted。

  (Speech at the Summary Meeting on Deepening the reform of Party and State institutions on July 5, 2019)

十三

  Reform and opening up in the new era has many new connotations and features,One very important point is that the weight of institutional construction is heavier,The reform is more about deep-seated institutional problems,There are higher requirements for reforming top-level design,There is a stronger demand for systemic, holistic and coordinated reform,Accordingly, the task of establishing rules and regulations and constructing systems is heavier。In the new era, we plan to comprehensively deepen reform,We must uphold and improve the system of socialism with Chinese characteristics and modernize China's system and capacity for governance,Deeply grasp our country's development requirements and the trend of The Times,We will give more prominence to institutional building and governance capacity building,We will continue to deepen institutional reform in all areas,We will promote a more mature and formalized system in all areas,We will modernize the country's governance system and capacity。

  (The Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Upholding and Improving the System of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics, October 28, 2019)
Note on the Decision on Some Major Issues in Promoting the Modernization of the National Governance System and Governance Capacity

十四

  Since the Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee, the CPC Central Committee has, with unprecedented determination and strength, broken through the shackles of ideas, broken through the barriers of entrenched interests, resolutely removed the drawbacks of various systems and mechanisms, actively responded to the risks and challenges brought about by changes in the external environment, and launched a magnificent reform process。The goals and tasks set at the Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee have been comprehensively advanced,The basic institutional framework in all fields has been established,Historic changes, systematic restructuring, and overall restructuring have been achieved in many areas,In order to promote the formation of a complete system, scientific norms, effective operation of the system system,To make all aspects of the system more mature and more stereotyped laid a solid foundation,We made historic achievements in comprehensively deepening reform。We need to strengthen our confidence in reform, pool our synergy for reform, make continuous efforts, forge ahead, and make greater breakthroughs and achievements in reform in the new development stage。

  Looking back on the reform work in recent years, we have put forward a series of innovative theories, adopted a series of major measures, and made a series of major breakthroughs, all of which are revolutionary, and have created a new situation in which the reform and opening up have promoted historic achievements and historic changes in various undertakings of the Party and the country。

  (Speech at the 17th Meeting of the Commission for Deepening Overall Reform of the CPC Central Committee, December 30, 2020)

十五

  Continue to deepen reform and opening up。We will deepen reform and innovation, unswervingly open wider to the outside world, address deep-seated institutional obstacles, highlight the advantages of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, enhance the driving force and vitality of socialist modernization, and better translate China's institutional advantages into effective national governance。

  (Report delivered at the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China on October 16, 2022)

十六

  We must make good use of the key move of reform, adhere to the direction of reform of the socialist market economy, strengthen systematic integration, coordination and efficiency of reform, consolidate and deepen the reform achievements in addressing institutional obstacles, institutional obstacles, and innovative policies, and make new breakthroughs in important areas and key links。