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Developing new quality productive forces is an inherent requirement and an important focus for promoting high-quality development

时间:2024-06-03Source: Qiushi作者:Number of hits:

Developing new quality productive forces is an inherent requirement and an important focus for promoting high-quality development

Xi Jinping

  The 11th collective study of the Political Bureau of the 20th CPC Central Committee is held today,The content is to steadily promote high-quality development,The purpose is to study and implement the spirit of the Party's 20th National Congress and the Central Economic Work Conference,Summarize the achievements of high-quality development in the new era,Analyze the existing prominent contradictions and problems,Discuss improvement measures,We made new progress and breakthroughs in promoting high-quality development。

  2024年3月5日,中共中央总书记、国家主席、中央军委主席Xi Jinping参加他所在的十四届全国人大二次会议江苏代表团审议。 Photo by Ju Peng, Xinhua News Agency

  Since the 18th National Congress of the Party,We have fully implemented the new vision for development,Continue to deepen the understanding of China's economic development stage characteristics and rules,More emphasis is placed on the high quality of development,The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China declared that "China's economy has shifted from a stage of rapid growth to a stage of high-quality development",The report of the Party's 20th National Congress emphasizes that "high-quality development is the primary task of comprehensively building a modern socialist country"。Since the new era, the CPC Central Committee has made a series of major decisions and deployments to promote high-quality development into the consensus and conscious action of the whole Party and society, and high-quality development has become the main theme。In recent years, China's scientific and technological innovation has yielded fruitful results, and innovation-driven development has become increasingly apparent.Development between urban and rural areas and between regions has become significantly more coordinated and balanced.Reform and opening up have been comprehensively deepened, and the driving forces for development have exploded.Remarkable progress has been made in the green and low-carbon transition, the pace of change in the development model has accelerated, and notable results have been achieved in high-quality development。

  At the same time, there are still many factors restricting high-quality development。From the perspective of the external environment, the world's profound changes unseen in a century are accelerating on all fronts and at a deep level。From the perspective of internal conditions, the situation that key core technologies in some areas of China are subject to human control has not fundamentally changed, and there is still a large gap between urban and rural development and regional development and income distribution, which impedes high-quality economic and social development。Judging from the progress of work,Some leading cadres do not have adequate understanding,When confronted with contradictions and difficulties in practical work, they habitually return to the old path of pursuing extensive expansion and inefficient development.Some leading cadres have outdated ideas,In the name of promoting high-quality development, in fact, "old wine in new bottles";Some leading cadres are incompetent,Face the new environment and new challenges at home and abroad,Do not know how to promote high-quality development,等等。We must attach great importance to these problems and solve them effectively。We must bear in mind that high-quality development is the fundamental principle of the new era,Implement the new development concept in a complete, accurate and comprehensive manner,We will implement the strategic tasks of accelerating the development of a modern economic system, promoting self-reliance in high-level science and technology, accelerating the establishment of a new development pattern, promoting in-depth reform and high-level opening up in a coordinated manner, and coordinating high-quality development and high-quality security,We will improve the assessment and evaluation system for promoting high-quality development,To lay a solid foundation for high-quality development。

  Developing new quality productive forces is an inherent requirement and an important focus for promoting high-quality development。Here, I would like to focus on some understandings in this regard。

  Since July last year, during my visits to Sichuan, Heilongjiang, Zhejiang and Guangxi, I have called for integrating scientific and technological innovation resources, leading the development of strategic emerging industries and future industries, and accelerating the formation of new quality productivity。In mid-December, at the Central Economic Work Conference, I also proposed to promote industrial innovation through scientific and technological innovation, in particular to generate new industries, new models and new drivers of growth through disruptive and cutting-edge technologies, and develop new quality productivity。When I put forward the concept of new quality productive forces and the major task of developing them, my main consideration is that productive forces are the fundamental driving force for the development of human society and the ultimate cause of all social and political changes。High-quality development needs new productivity theory to guide, and the new quality productivity has formed and demonstrated a strong driving force and support for high-quality development in practice, we need to summarize and summarize theoretically to guide the new development practice。

  What is the new quality productivity and how to develop it?I've been thinking about it, and I've been aware of some of the academic research。Generally speaking, the new quality productivity is an advanced productivity quality that plays a leading role in innovation, gets rid of the traditional economic growth mode and the development path of productivity, has the characteristics of high-tech, high efficiency and high quality, and conforms to the new development concept。It is driven by revolutionary technological breakthroughs, innovative allocation of production factors, and deep industrial transformation and upgrading. It takes the improvement of workers, labor materials, labor objects and their optimal combinations as its basic connotation, and a substantial increase in total factor productivity as its core symbol. It is characterized by innovation, the key is high quality, and the essence is advanced productivity。

  The remarkable feature of new quality productivity is innovation, including innovation at the level of technology and business mode, as well as innovation at the level of management and system。We must continue to do a good job of innovation and accelerate the development of new quality productivity。

  First, vigorously promote scientific and technological innovation。New quality productivity is mainly generated by revolutionary technological breakthroughs。Scientific and technological innovation can generate new industries, new models and new drivers of growth, and is the core factor for developing new quality productivity。This requires us to strengthen scientific and technological innovation, especially original and subversive scientific and technological innovation, and accelerate the realization of high-level scientific and technological self-reliance。It is necessary to thoroughly implement the strategy of rejuvenating the country through science and education, the strategy of strengthening the country through talent, and the strategy of innovation-driven development, adhere to the "four dimensions", strengthen the national strategic scientific and technological strength, and systematically promote original and basic strategic research。We should focus on national strategies and the actual needs of economic and social development,Take key generic technologies, cutting-edge leading technologies, modern engineering technologies, and disruptive technological innovations as breakthroughs,Give full play to the advantages of the new national system,We will fight hard in key and core technologies,The original and subversive scientific and technological innovation results emerged,We will foster new driving forces for developing productive forces of new quality。

  2024年5月22日至24日,中共中央总书记、国家主席、中央军委主席Xi Jinping在山东考察。这是22日下午,Xi Jinping在日照港察看全自动化集装箱码头作业场景。 Photo by Ju Peng, Xinhua News Agency

  Second, we should promote industrial innovation through scientific and technological innovation。The transformation of scientific and technological achievements into real productive forces is manifested in the creation of new industries and the deep transformation and upgrading of industries。Therefore, we should promptly apply the achievements of scientific and technological innovation to specific industries and industrial chains, transform and upgrade traditional industries, foster and strengthen emerging industries, layout and build future industries, and improve the modern industrial system。We should focus on developing new quality and productive forces to lay out the industrial chain, promote weak industries to supplement the chain, advantageous industries to extend the chain, traditional industries to upgrade the chain, and emerging industries to build the chain, improve the resilience and safety of the industrial chain and supply chain, and ensure that the industrial system is independent, controllable, safe and reliable。We should focus on the strategic tasks of promoting a new type of industrialization and accelerating the development of a strong manufacturing, quality, Internet and digital China, and make scientific and technological innovation and industrial innovation。It is necessary to vigorously develop the digital economy, promote the deep integration of the digital economy and the real economy, and build digital industrial clusters with international competitiveness。We should focus on the goal of building an agricultural country, increase scientific and technological innovation in the seed industry and agricultural machinery and the application of innovative achievements, and use innovative science and technology to promote the development of modern agriculture and ensure national food security。

  Third, we need to promote innovation in the development model。Green development is the basis of high-quality development, and the new quality productivity itself is green productivity。We must speed up the green transformation of development mode and help carbon reach peak carbon neutrality。We must firmly establish and practice the concept that clear waters and lush mountains are gold and silver mountains, and unswervingly follow the path of ecological priority and green development。We will accelerate innovation in green science and technology and promote the application of advanced green technologies, strengthen green manufacturing, develop green services, expand green energy, develop green and low-carbon industries and supply chains, and build a green, low-carbon and circular economy。We will continue to optimize the economic policy toolbox to support green and low-carbon development, give play to the leading role of green finance, and build efficient ecological green industrial clusters。At the same time, vigorously promote green and healthy lifestyle in the whole society。

  Fourth, we need to make solid progress in institutional innovation。Production relations must adapt to the requirements of the development of productive forces。To develop new quality productive forces, we must further deepen reform in an all-round way and form a new type of production relations corresponding to it。The new quality productivity not only needs the government's advance planning guidance and scientific policy support, but also needs the market mechanism adjustment and the continuous innovation of micro-entities such as enterprises. It is jointly cultivated and driven by the "visible hand" of the government and the "invisible hand" of the market。Therefore, we need to deepen reforms of the economic and scientific and technological systems, work hard to eliminate bottlenecks that hinder the development of new quality productive forces, establish a high-standard market system, and innovate ways of allocating factors of production so that advanced and high-quality factors of production can flow smoothly to the development of new quality productive forces。At the same time, we should open wider to the outside world at a high level and create a favorable international environment for developing new quality productive forces。

  Fifth, deepen the innovation of talent work mechanism。In accordance with the requirements of developing new quality and productive forces, we should smooth the virtuous cycle of education, science and technology, and human resources, and improve the working mechanism for the training, introduction, use, and rational flow of human resources。According to the new trend of scientific and technological development, we should optimize the subject setting and personnel training mode of colleges and universities, so as to train much-needed talents for developing new quality productivity and promoting high-quality development。We should strive to train strategic scientists, first-class scientific and technological leaders and innovative teams, train outstanding engineers and craftsmen of major countries, strengthen skills training of workers, and constantly improve the quality of all types of personnel。We should improve the mechanism for factors of production to participate in income distribution, stimulate the vitality of factors of production such as labor, knowledge, technology, management, capital and data, better reflect the market value of knowledge, technology and human resources, and create a good atmosphere that encourages innovation and tolerates failure。

  ※这是Xi Jinping总书记2024年1月31日在二十届中央政治局第十一次集体学习时的讲话。