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The country's capacity to allocate coal resources has been significantly enhanced

时间:2024-04-02Source: Coal industry作者:Number of hits:

On March 28, the China National Coal Industry Association released the 2023 Annual Report on the Development of the Coal Industry (hereinafter referred to as the Report) in Beijing.。The report shows that the total supply of coal in the country has reached a new high, and the foundation of energy security is more solid。Since the "14th Five-Year Plan", the country has added about 600 million tons of coal production capacity per year。The national raw coal production will jump to 4.1 billion tons in 2021 and 4.5 billion tons in 2022, and reach 47 billion tons in 2023.100 million tons, an annual increase of 4.5%。Coal imports in 2023 will reach 4.7.4 billion tons, an increase of 1. 1 billion tons from 2020.7亿吨。The safe and stable supply of coal strongly supports the steady and healthy development of China's economy and society。

The distribution of coal production and development has been continuously improved。In 2023, there will be 7 provinces (regions) with raw coal production exceeding 100 million tons, one less than in 2020, and the raw coal output will be 41 percent.800 million tons, accounting for 88 percent of the country.7%。The raw coal output of Shanxi, Shaanxi, Mongolia and new four provinces (regions) is 38.300 million tons, 81 percent of the country.3 percent, up 7 percent from 2020.7.8 billion tons, an increase of 3 percentage points。Xinjiang accelerated the release of advanced coal production capacity, coal output increased by nearly 200 million tons compared with 2020, and "Xinjiang coal export" exceeded 100 million tons, which has become a new growth pole of national coal supply。Ordos and Yulin raw coal production exceeded 600 million tons and 800 million tons respectively, and the proportion of raw coal production in the two cities in the country increased to 30 percent.2%。The construction of five major coal supply bases in Shanxi, Western Mongolia, Eastern Mongolia, Northern Shaanxi and Xinjiang accelerated, the coordinated development of the industrial chain of coal, new energy and new materials continued to deepen, the release of advanced coal production capacity accelerated, the system of coal transportation channels became increasingly complete, and the country's capacity for allocating coal resources significantly improved。

The optimization and upgrading of the industrial structure was accelerated, and important progress was made in building a modern industrial system。The coal production structure has been continuously improved。By the end of 2023, the number of coal mines in China will be reduced to about 4,300.Among them, the output of large coal mines with an annual output of 1.2 million tons or more accounts for more than 85% of the country, an increase of 5 percentage points over 2020。81 coal mines with an annual output of 10 million tons and 13 approved production capacity have been built.300 million tons/year, 29 more than 2020, production capacity 5.100 million tons/year;About 24 coal mines of 10 million tons are under construction, and the designed production capacity is 3.100 million tons per year。The proportion of small coal mine production capacity of less than 300,000 tons per year in the country dropped to less than 1%。

The construction of digital coal has been comprehensively promoted。The integration of digital infrastructure, digital economy, digital industry, and digital ecological civilization in the coal industry has been promoted。In the mining field, large-scale commercial artificial intelligence models have been applied, and unmanned mining trucks and 120-ton rechargeable heavy trucks in open-pit coal mines have been put into operation。Since the 14th Five-Year Plan, a number of intelligent coal mines of various types and different modes have been built, and the number of intelligent mining faces has increased from more than 400 to about 1,600.The main indicators such as operating income, profit and R&D investment of the coal digital industry have maintained a growth trend of about 30%。Digital coal construction has helped more enterprises embark on a new track of innovation and development。

The level of clean and efficient utilization of coal throughout its life cycle has been continuously improved。The degree of refinement of coal deep processing has been continuously improved, and the engineering application of low-rank coal dry separation technology has achieved new breakthroughs。The "three reform linkage" of coal power units continued to advance, and the ultra-low emission transformation of coal power installed capacity in the country exceeded 10.300 million kilowatts, the standard coal consumption per kilowatt-hour of thermal power generation decreased by 0.The control of flue gas pollution from coal-fired power plants has maintained an international leading level, and projects such as the qualitative utilization of low-rank coal and the comprehensive utilization of circular economy coal have made steady progress。

The report expects that in 2024, the quality of the national coal supply system will be improved, the emergency supply and demand of the coal market will remain basically balanced, and the medium - and long-term contract system will effectively play the role of "ballast" and "stabilizer" for the smooth operation of the coal market。However, the international energy situation is complicated, the domestic coal supply and demand pattern has changed profoundly, considering the uncertain factors such as extreme weather, unexpected events, and new energy output, there may also be regional, time period, and variety of coal supply and demand mismatch。